PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED405167
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
America's Country Schools. Third Edition.
As late as 1913, half of U.S. schoolchildren were enrolled in the country's 212,000 one-room schools--the heart of American education. Although only about 428 of these schools remain in use as of 1994, the country school continues to be a powerful cultural symbol. The first section of this book examines country schools' educational and cultural legacy. Chapters (1) provide an overview placing country schools in the larger social and historical framework of American education; (2) describe the country school curriculum, discipline, and teaching methods; (3) present anecdotes and memoirs describing teacher education, teaching conditions, and teachers' lives on the Western frontier in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; (4) portray the role country schools played as rural community centers; (5) discuss the assimilation of immigrants and minorities in rural schools, focusing on Native Americans, Blacks, and Hispanics; and (6) look at public, private, and parochial country schools in operation today. The second section examines the great variety of design in country school architecture, including schoolhouse sites, architect designs, building forms, building materials and techniques, classroom furniture, and building standardization. The third section discusses the preservation and restoration of country schools; describes new uses as museums, centers for living history programs, and community centers; presents preservation case studies; and lists one-room schools, by state, that remain in public ownership. This book contains approximately 275 references, 400 photographs, numerous illustrations, and an index. (SV)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Architecture, Educational Environment, Educational History, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, One Teacher Schools, Preservation, Rural Education, Rural Schools, School Buildings, School Community Relationship, Small Schools, Student Experience, Teaching Conditions, Teaching Experience
University Press of Colorado, P.O. Box 849, Niwot, CO 80544 ($24.95 plus $3 shipping).
Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Historical Preservation
Note: For second edition, see ED 355 055. With a note from Barbara Bush. Photographs may not reproduce clearly.