ERIC Number: ED404602
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Associations between Drug Use and Deviant Behavior in Teenagers. Health Sciences Program Reprint Series, 96-23D.
Hays, Ron D.; Ellickson, Phyllis L.
Addictive Behaviors, v21 n3 p291-302 1996
Drug use and delinquency share many common antecedents: early antisocial behavior, difficulties in school, impaired family relationships, delinquent or drug-using peers, and rebelliousness. But these common factors could underlie a cluster of problem behaviors or lead to distinctly different behavioral manifestations. Using data from 1,363 West Coast students in grade 10, this study examines the relationship between drug use and deviant behavior. Analyses of student responses to self-administered surveys revealed three correlated higher-order dimensions of behavior: (1) alcohol use and sociability; (2) deviant behavior, including drug use other than alcohol; and (3) rebelliousness. A close relationship among tobacco and cannabis use and deviant behavior was revealed. Results suggest that drug prevention programs that curb initial and regular use of the gateway drugs, such as alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis, may have a broader, spillover impact on other deviant behavior. Results also suggest that programs aimed at both deviance and drug use are worth pursuing and that schools are an important venue for identifying deviant youth. The strong links between alcohol use and sociability underline the need to counteract the social acceptability of drinking and focus on the social contexts in which it occurs. Contains 38 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: Deviance; Social Causality