ERIC Number: ED401016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Psychometric Support for a New Measure of Authoritative, Authoritarian, and Permissive Parenting Practices: Cross-Cultural Connections.
Robinson, Clyde C.; And Others
This study examined the psychometric characteristics of a 62-item parenting questionnaire completed by parents from the United States, Australia, China, and Russia. Factor analyses yielded three global parenting dimensions for each culture which were consistent with D. Baumrind's (1971) authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive typologies. The global parenting dimensions were subsequently analyzed to assess their internal structures. For each of the three global dimensions, a number of specific parenting practice factors were identified and compared cross-culturally. The internal factors for the authoritative style were: (1) warmth and involvement; (2) reasoning/induction; (3) democratic participation; and (4) good natured/easy going. The factors for the authoritarian style were: (1) verbal hostility; (2) corporal punishment; (3) non-reasoning, punitive strategies; and (4) directiveness. The factors for the permissive style were: (1) follow through; (2) ignoring misbehavior; (3) and self-confidence. Quite similar parenting practice factors were found for authoritative parenting across cultures; for authoritarian and permissive styles there were substantial cross-cultural differences among the specific parenting practices. Factor scores of the global parenting styles and specific practices were correlated with preschool behavioral problem outcomes to assess the validity of the instrument's cross-cultural use. For the United States and Australian families, mother and father authoritativeness and authoritarianism were related to child preschool behavioral problem outcomes. (KDFB)
Descriptors: Authoritarianism, Child Development, Child Rearing, Classification, Cross Cultural Studies, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Foreign Countries, Measurement Techniques, Measures (Individuals), Parent Child Relationship, Parenting Skills, Parenting Styles, Permissive Environment, Psychometrics, Questionnaires
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia; Authoritative Parenting; Baumrind (Diana); China; Permissiveness; Russia; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Conference of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development (14th, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, August 12-16, 1996).