ERIC Number: ED396868
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct-6
Reference Count: N/A
100 Years of Change for Better Schools: A Short Report of Buffalo Township, Winnebago County, Iowa and Its Schools from 1895 to 1995.
Dreier, William H.; Pilgrim, Ronald
In Winnebago County, Iowa, the earliest school district was the township, organized with ungraded one-room schools. The town of Buffalo Center worked with its township school district to become, in 1895, a town independent school district with its service area being the township. In 1896 the new district offered graded elementary and high schools. The Iowa School Code of 1897 allowed school taxes to be used for transporting students. This provision allowed the district to become, in 1954, the first consolidated school district west of the Mississippi River. In the 1970s and 1980s, the district was the first in the state to implement administrative consolidation, one of the earliest in Iowa to participate in a whole-grade sharing program, and the first that involved four cooperating districts. An enrollment of 850 students in the 400 square mile area of these four cooperating districts is an indication of how sparse population can define school organization, classes, and services in much of rural Iowa--and by extension much of rural America. The presence of activities, athletics, curriculum, media, and special programs directors has been sporadic, as have classes in geography, government, advanced math, general music, psychology, social studies, sociology, bookkeeping, business, and drafting. Computer technology and data processing are not offered. Efforts to form a permanent coalition with other districts have thus far been unsuccessful at the polls. Includes data tables detailing trends in population, school organization, and curriculum offerings. (TD)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Buffalo Center Rake Lakota Community Schools IA; Small School Districts
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Rural Educational Association (87th, Salt Lake City, UT, October 3-8, 1995). Maps will not reproduce adequately.