ERIC Number: ED396552
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Requestive Speech Act Realization Patterns in Persian and American English.
This study compared patterns in the requests of native Persian-speakers (n=50) and native speakers of American English (n=52) under the same social constraints. Students were undergraduate students in their native countries. Data were gathered by controlled elicitation (open questionnaire) and coded for degree of directness. Results show the Persian speakers were much more direct than American speakers when making requests, and that Persian speakers used considerably more alerters, supportive moves, and internal modifiers than American speakers. It is suggested that in some languages such as Persian, speakers may compensate for level of directness by such strategies. It is also noted that these differences in requestive speech acts may cause some cross-cultural communication problems. Implications for teaching awareness of directness conventions in second language teaching are discussed. Contains 24 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: College Students, Comparative Analysis, Contrastive Linguistics, Cross Cultural Studies, Higher Education, Intercultural Communication, Language Patterns, Language Research, Language Usage, Linguistic Theory, Native Speakers, North American English, Persian, Pragmatics, Speech Acts, Uncommonly Taught Languages
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: "Pragmatics and Language Learning," Volume 4. Selected papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Conference on Pragmatics and Language Learning (6th, Urbana, IL, April 2-4, 1992); see FL 023 905.