ERIC Number: ED396438
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Organizing Business Leaders To Impact the Democratic Policy-Making Process.
Sipple, John W.; And Others
This paper presents findings of a study that examined the formation and development of a coalition of business leaders and its impact on state education policy. The coalition, called the Corporations for the Improvement of Educational Quality (CIEQ), was developed in a large midwestern state. The paper uses and assesses the efficacy of five interest group theories: Truman's (1951) order and disturbance theory, Olson's (1965) byproduct theory; Salisbury's (1969) exchange theory; Sabatier's (1992) commitment theory; and MacFarland's (1987, 1992) countervailing power theory. The study asked the following research questions: (1) How and why has this group of business leaders joined together to form CIEQ? (2) How did CIEQ select and get its agenda? (3) How has CIEQ maintained and supplemented its membership and agenda? and (4) Who has benefitted from the efforts of CIEQ and what benefits did they receive? Data were obtained through participant observation, document analysis, and interviews with 28 key members, 8 state legislators, and 12 other individuals involved in state education policy. The study found limited support for each of the five theories, but found particularly strong support for order and disturbance, commitment, and countervailing power theories. Individuals joined, set their agenda, and maintained their membership through a combination of interests and needs. Such actions are contingent upon a number of issues--the presence of a significant societal disturbance, a strong personal interest in a specific issues, and participants' recognition that their voices are absent from the current debate. One table is included. (Contains 25 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interest Groups
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, April 8-12, 1996).