ERIC Number: ED396403
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct-6
Reference Count: N/A
Paradigm Shift: The Forgotten Prerequisite for Change.
Gregory, Leonard L.; Freeman, Lucille M.
This paper argues that the "old paradigm" in education is a collection of assumptions, beliefs, and values that underlie the workings of present-day schools. The old paradigm is based on the notion of education as a meritocratic enterprise, institutional rationality, the positivist approach to truth, commitment to efficiency, and schooling for the status quo. School restructuring has not occurred, because the dominant "business-as-usual" paradigm around which the school is organized is so strong any new program model eventually adopts the characteristic of the school organization that is in place. The bureaucratic ways in which schools are managed and organized constrain restructuring and serve a sorting function. The middle school concept and authentic assessment are examples of innovative models that disappeared from the school system because they were incorporated by the old paradigm. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Paradigm Shifts
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Rural Education Association (Salt Lake City, UT, October 4-6, 1995).