ERIC Number: ED396339
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Stipulations Chart: Incorporating Communication Theory into Message Construction in the Basic Course.
Michel, Elizabeth C.
The Stipulations Chart is a simple summary of some 90 tenets of communication theory, arranged in a way that allows students in basic communication courses to access those tenets which are relevant to a communication at hand. The 5-page chart organizes theoretical tenets in 2 columns; according to the communication "situation" and the corresponding theoretical recommendation. The chart covers: (1) audience predispositions toward speaker, topic, and situation; (2) topic complexity and salience; (3) situational stipulations such as room size, audience size, and room temperature; and (4) a variety of affective and objective speaker goals. An instructor has found that the Stipulations Chart is most effective when used after the students have become comfortable with basic message construction (usually after the second speech). Students refer to the chart after completing an outline for a speech but before designing the detailed message. They then check off (as many times as necessary) any and all items which describe their current communication situation. They also look to the right of those items checked, incorporating the theoretical suggestions as they construct the message. The chart and the process have been tested with students, beginning teachers, and college instructors. (Contains 114 references. The Stipulations Chart is attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Message Based Performances; Theoretical Orientation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (81st, San Antonio, TX, November 18-21, 1995).