ERIC Number: ED396239
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Altering Trade Books To "Fit" Literature-Based Basals.
Sakari, Mary D.
A study examined 52 stories for grades 1-6, randomly chosen from 10 American and Canadian literature-based reading series containing well-known selections by well-known authors. The study compared the reading series selection to the original story cited in the series acknowledgments, seeking patterns of difference in wording, paragraph structure, and discourse. Results indicated that text differences and stubstantial changes in illustration and formatting affected the meaning of stories. Text changes including editing to correct, clarify, simplify, modernize, or remove stereotyping did not change meaning, but story retelling could cause losses of ethnicity, cultural and historical content, and original language pattern and language structure. Other changes in vocabulary, focus, and emphasis on mood, moral, or theme, and important events and details or characters cause a loss of the original literary experience itself. Format changes in presentation of illustrations and text also made picture books harder and novels easier to read. Findings suggest that basalizing is being done in a more subtle form through illustration and formatting than through language changes, and original meaning is lost or muddied through refocusing stories. (Contains 40 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Text Adaptation; Text Formatting; Trade Books