ERIC Number: ED396037
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Dominican New Yorkers: A Socioeconomic Profile, 1990.
Hernandez, Ramona; And Others
This research report presents data on the socioeconomic status of the Dominican population in New York City using the 1980 and 1990 U.S. Census of Population. The analysis includes a discussion of demographics, labor market outcomes, poverty, and household economic status, among other variables. The income of the Dominican population is one of the lowest in New York City, and over 36% of the Dominican population and about 47% of the Dominican children live in households that are under the poverty line. The 1990 unemployment rate for Dominicans was 18.6% for women and 16% for men. This is close to twice those of the overall New York population. As a consequence, the earnings of Dominican men and women lagged well behind those of the city's general population. A major reason for the economic difficulties of Dominicans in New York is the comparatively low educational attainment. In 1990, as many as 61.5% of Dominicans aged 25 or older had not completed high school, and only 6.1% had completed college. This lower relative educational attainment is associated with a higher proportion of the population in unskilled and blue-collar jobs. Dominicans have also been affected greatly by the decline in manufacturing jobs in the New York area. Improvements in economic status will require a major investment in education and a dramatic improvement in the adult literacy and English language proficiency of the Dominican population. Public policies that support the increased educational attainment of working people would be helpful, whether in the form of workplace apprenticeships, work-study programs, evening/weekend educational programs, or improved child-care alternatives. (Contains 22 tables, 3 figures, and 24 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Census Figures, Dominicans, Economic Factors, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Job Training, Labor Market, Limited English Speaking, Low Income Groups, Minority Groups, Socioeconomic Status, Spanish Speaking, Urban Problems
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York (New York)
Note: For a related document, see UD 030 990.