ERIC Number: ED395688
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Do Social Goals, Ethical Evaluations, and Perceptions of Efficacy Lead Preadolescents to Behave Responsibly?
Wood, Deborah N.; Quintanar, Rosalinda
Based on the social cognitive perspective which assumes that children and teenagers internalize social values, this study focused on the psychological processes involved in the internalization of responsibility by young adolescents. The study examined whether preadolescents experienced social goals, ethical evaluations, and perceptions of efficacy in everyday situations involving responsibility, and whether these cognitions were correlated with responsible actions. The subjects were 106 ethnically diverse, middle-class fifth and sixth grade students. The students completed a survey in which they were asked to respond to four everyday responsibility situations which involved peer, family, and school settings. The students rated how much they would experience social cognitions in each situation. The social cognitions considered were: (1) social goals, such as caring for others and desire for social approval; (2) ethical evaluations which focused on personal values; and (3) efficacy evaluations of one's perceived ability to achieve objectives. The students also rated the likelihood of their engaging in responsible or irresponsible behavior. The correlation between the social cognitive variables and behavior ratings was assessed for each situation. Results revealed that multiple social cognitions are experienced by preadolescents in response to responsibility situations, which may indicate a correlation of conflict with both responsible and irresponsible behaviors. (BAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Conference on Human Development (Birmingham, AL, March 29-31, 1996).