ERIC Number: ED395613
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar-19
Reference Count: N/A
Education Reform in South Africa: Preparing for Higher Education beyond Apartheid.
Smith, Walter L.
From 1948 to 1994, the Republic of South Africa (RSA) maintained 15 different departments of education and separate educational systems, signifying the inequality in educational opportunities throughout the era of apartheid. Even before the new democratic system of government ushered in with the 1994 elections, however, the possibility of establishing a community college system in the country had been explored. At a 1992 education conference, for example, it was recommended that South Africa's educational system be open to all and that there be flexibility between formal and non-formal training. Since tertiary institutions in the country had historically been designed to maintain a highly selective process in admitting students into the universities, the concept of open access community colleges was met with resistance from some of the leaders of higher education. With the opening of Funda Community College in fall 1995 as the first American-style community college in the RSA, however, the government has begun to take the concept of the colleges seriously. Currently, efforts are underway and legislation is in process to improve community college leadership and articulation; encourage partnerships with RSA universities and "technikons," or vocational schools; and define national standards. Finally, American colleges and universities can play a vital role in helping the RSA deal with issues related to establishing funding mechanisms, training teachers, adjusting institutional missions, and developing curricula. (TGI)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: South Africa
Note: Paper presented at "Investing in South Africa," a conference sponsored by the Coast Community College District (Costa Mesa, CA, March 19, 1996).