ERIC Number: ED395402
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Videotelephones: A Tool for Facilitating Communication and Social Integration for Persons with Moderate Mental Retardation. TeleCommunity, RACE 2033 (Research in Advanced Communications Technologies in Europe). Final Report. Technology, Communication, Disability Research Report No. 13.
Brodin, Jane; Alemdar, Ingegerd
This monograph presents the final report of the Swedish component of TeleCommunity, a nine-nation European project exploring the potential of videotelephones. This particular study focused on the use of videotelephones to increase levels of independence, social integration, and participation in social life among adults with moderate mental retardation (MMR). Twenty-four adults (ages 21-60) with MMR were drawn from six day centers and group homes in Stockholm and Jonkoping (Sweden) to participate, each having poorly developed spoken language and using graphic symbols for regular daily communication. Pictogram symbols were selected for each participant's concept keyboard, and participants were trained on use of the equipment. Data on their subsequent use of the videotelephones were gathered through questionnaires; assessment of communicative ability, telephone protocols, and goal setting; and interviews with family members, participants, and support staff. Results indicated that participants' social networks were expanded, frequency of use of the videotelephones increased, communication was generally improved, and increases were noted in both independence and initiative. Appendices include protocol evaluation forms, communicative ability assessment tools, and interview guidelines. (Contains 90 references.) (PB)
Descriptors: Adults, Communication Aids (for Disabled), Daily Living Skills, Foreign Countries, Group Homes, Interpersonal Competence, Moderate Mental Retardation, Normalization (Disabilities), Personal Autonomy, Social Integration, Social Life, Social Networks, Telephone Communications Systems, Telephone Usage Instruction
Stockholm Institute of Education, Dept. of Special Education, P.O. Box 47308, S-100 74 Stockholm, Sweden.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish Telecom, Stockholm (Sweden).
Authoring Institution: Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Inst. of Education.
Identifiers: Sweden; Video Telephone
Note: This project was also supported by the Swedish National Board of Industrial and Technical Development and by the Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board.