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ERIC Number: ED395341
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Attributes of Stuttering.
Richardson, Dana
Stuttering is a complex condition, and, in the past, there was not significant evidence to prove any one theory as to its cause. Most researchers now agree that stuttering is mainly a genetic disorder that is sometimes aggravated or brought on by developmental and environmental factors. In genetic research there have been studies on families in general and on twins; both have suggested the strong genetic component involved in stuttering. Research on the biological causes of stuttering has shown that stutters have problems decoding and encoding the components of speech. Some researchers also believe that stutterers use the right side of the brain for speech, instead of the left. Research on the developmental causes of stuttering shows that the way a child grows physically can affect his/her speech. Research has also shown that the parents of stutterers are more critical and anxious than parents of nonstutterers. Events that have an impact on the stability and security of a child have been known to also bring on stuttering. In the assessment and treatment of stuttering there are several steps that clinicians usually follow: the gathering of background information, the observation of present behavior and feelings, the diagnosis, and the closing interview. The interview between in the child and the clinician is usually regarded as the most important part of this process. The therapy process is usually in four phases: identification phase, desensitization phase, modification phase, and stabilization phase. (Contains 12 references.) (TB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Speech Research; Stuttering Modification Therapy