ERIC Number: ED395281
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Using Story Frames To Develop Reading Comprehension in the Classroom.
Oja, Leslie Anne
Repeated readings, story retellings, and dramatic reentactments allow students to become more aware of stories and more familiar with the structure of the stories. Another comprehension strategy is a cloze procedure called the story frame. A story frame uses phrases such as: "This story begins when"; "and then"; "next"; "following that"; or, "the problem is solved when." Students add key phrases or clauses that summarize the story or highlight some important aspect of the story. Students may need to develop more than one story frame since not all stories have the same elements. The strategy is particularly useful with middle school students who are developing summarizing skills and other basic analytic approaches to literature. A figure shows five types of story frames which may be appropriate for all types of stories: story summary with one character; important idea or plot; setting; character analysis; and character comparison. The following list of six questions helps create a story frame: (1) Is there a problem? (2) If so, why is it a problem? (3) Is there a relevant sequence of events that leads to a solution to the problem? (4) If so, what is the sequence? (5) How is the problem resolved? and (6) How does the story end? Some samples of students' story frames serve as illustrations of the technique. (CR)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Story Frames
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