ERIC Number: ED395224
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
A Naturalistic Experiment on Alcohol Availability Patterns of Consumption and the Context for Drinking.
Kraushaar, Kevin; Alsop, Brent
Reduced alcohol availability following the closure of the sole hotels in two rural towns afforded a naturalistic experiment to study the effects of alcohol availability and context for drinking on consumption. Measures of consumption derived from interviews, total dollars of liquor sales, and police drink-driving data were compared across two experimental and two "control" towns and two other towns in the region. Results showed a marked reduction in liquor sales, a significant reduction in reported consumption on the last and all drinking occasions, reduced spending on alcohol, and less drunkenness, with no difference in the frequency of drinking occasions for experimental and control town residents. A reduction in the number of outlets therefore led to a reduction in consumption, through a change in patterns of consumption mediated by the context for drinking. (Contains 47 references. Two figures and five tables present data and statistical analysis.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Otago Univ., Dunedin (New Zealand). Education Dept.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New Zealand