ERIC Number: ED395209
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Prison Education Research Project. Final Report.
Sam Houston State Univ., Huntsville, TX. Criminal Justice Center.; Texas State Dept. of Criminal Justice, Huntsville. Windham School System.
More than 60 studies on prison education were reviewed to determine the following: relationship between prison education and offender behavior; effects of prison population control strategies on prison education programs; and effects of academic and vocational program participation on inmate misconduct and reincarceration. Among the main findings were the following: (1) inmates exposed to education programs have lower recidivism rates than do nonparticipants; (2) most vocational programs in prison reported lower recidivism rates, lower parole revocation rates, better postrelease employment patterns, and better institutional disciplinary records for participants than for nonparticipants; and (3) factors associated with higher program success rates include keeping the program separate from the rest of prison routine, providing follow-up after release, identifying and attracting a target population, and providing marketable vocational skills. An examination of the prison population control strategies and correctional education program provided by Texas' Windham School System established the following: recent prison population control strategies have virtually closed the window of opportunity for inmates in educational and vocational programs; the system's academic programming had the greatest effects on inmates at the lower grade levels; and the system's vocational programs have modest reincarceration effects. (Contains 108 references, 27 additional publications, not discussed in Chapter 1, and 14 tables.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Adult Education, College Programs, Comparative Analysis, Correctional Education, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Literature Reviews, Outcomes of Education, Participation, Policy Formation, Postsecondary Education, Predictor Variables, Program Improvement, Recidivism, State Programs, Statewide Planning, Success, Tables (Data), Vocational Education
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sam Houston State Univ., Huntsville, TX. Criminal Justice Center.; Texas State Dept. of Criminal Justice, Huntsville. Windham School System.