ERIC Number: ED395050
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Believing in Ourselves. Progress and Struggle in Urban Middle School Reform, 1989-1995.
Lewis, Anne C.
Beginning in 1989, 12 urban middle schools were able to draw on the resources of the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation to work toward systemic reform. The five school districts supported by this initiative pledged to focus on high expectations, high content, and high support for students. Most of the schools, in Baltimore (Maryland), Milwaukee (Wisconsin), San Diego (California), Oakland (California), and Louisville (Kentucky), were very troubled. But one, in San Diego, represented diverse economic conditions because of voluntary desegregation efforts. This book, the third and final chronicle of the networking efforts of the Clark middle school project, shows that schools that floundered at the beginning of the project continued to do so because the desired reforms could not overcome the unwillingness of systems to change or because leadership was not able to move the systems. The report details many successes, but it gives equal attention to the context of urban middle grades reform. Why many students at some of the program's schools have brighter prospects than others is explored. Keys to success in school reform were deep professional knowledge and opportunities to share insights and experiences in ways that empowered school communities. Implications for educational policy are discussed. (Contains 52 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Information Dissemination, Instructional Leadership, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Knowledge Level, Middle Schools, Networks, Principals, Program Evaluation, School Desegregation, School Restructuring, Urban Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.
Identifiers: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation; Reform Efforts
Note: Photographs may not reproduce well.