ERIC Number: ED395034
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Changes in the SAT-Verbal: A Study of Trends in Content and Gender References 1961-1987. College Board Report No. 90-1
Cruise, Pamela I.; Kimmel, Ernest W.
Beginning in 1972, the average Scholastic Aptitude Test Verbal (SAT-V) score for men has been higher than that for women. This study created a detailed history of the content of SAT-V sections over the last two and a half decades and examined the changes of test content and trends over time in the balance of references to and representations of women and men within the content of the test. A total of 153 forms of the test was identified as having been used since 1963. Overall review indicated that the shift in content that was most noteworthy was the elimination of the synthesis reading passage in 1974. The relative proportions of item types have otherwise been fairly constant, as has the relative balance between science content and humanistic content. During the 1960-1987 period SAT candidates encountered women subjects or female-related language only rarely, but the trend has been to reduce the disparity between male and female language. Changes in content do not support the hypothesis that content has been responsible for increased male scores. Although the trend toward male-dominated language has been reduced, there has not been a corresponding increase in females' scores. Further research will be necessary to clarify the reasons for the score differences. Three appendixes give classification codes, a summary report for October 1960 to June 1987 scores, and the ordering of SAT-V item types. (Contains 1 figure, 17 tables, and 19 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Educational Trends, Females, High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Males, Reading Tests, Scores, Sex Differences, Synthesis, Test Content, Test Format, Test Items, Test Results, Trend Analysis, Verbal Tests
College Board Publications, Box 886, New York, NY 10101-0886 ($7).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.; College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.
Identifiers: Scholastic Aptitude Test