ERIC Number: ED395005
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Affecting the Sample Invariant Properties of Linear and Curvilinear Observed- and True-Score Equating Procedures.
Stocking, Martha L.; And Others
A sequence of simulations was carried out to aid in the diagnosis and interpretation of equating differences found between random and matched (nonrandom) samples for four commonly used equating procedures: (1) Tucker linear observed-score equating; (2) Levine equally reliable linear observed-score equating; (3) equipercentile curvilinear observed-score equating; and (4) item response theory (IRT) curvilinear true-score equating. The results support the prediction based on theoretical grounds that observed-score equating methods are more affected by sample variation than are true-score equating methods. These results further suggest that matching equating samples on the basis of fallible measures of ability may not be advisable for any conventional equating method except the Tucker method. In addition, the results support a particular hypothesis about IRT equating, suggesting that the use of matched samples cannot be recommended for this equating method either. (Contains 8 tables, 8 figures, and 12 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: Curvilinear Functions; Equipercentile Equating; Invariance; Levine Equating Method; Tucker Common Item Equating Method
Note: Version of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 1988).