ERIC Number: ED394914
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov-9
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Sense of Efficacy before and after Clinical Experience for Pre-Student-Teaching Novices in an Elementary Methods Program.
Vinson, Beth McCulloch
This investigation was conducted to determine changes in the levels of teaching efficacy as a function of the clinical experience in six public elementary schools, among pre-student-teaching novices in four subject areas: science, social studies, language arts, and mathematics. The sample included 58 novices who participated in the semester block of methods classes at the University of Alabama. Data for the study were gathered, before and after full-time clinical experience in the public elementary schools, using two strategies. First, all novices completed 23-item, Likert-type questionnaires. Second, through the use of questionnaire-guided narrative interviews, some of the factors that influenced novices' levels of efficacy were sought. Quantitative comparisons were made between novices' sense of efficacy before and after clinical experience by utilizing both multivariate and univariate analysis of variance. Findings revealed statistically significant personal teaching efficacy gain scores. Analysis also revealed significant differences between science and social studies scores, with the latter being the highest. No significant differences were found between the general teaching efficacy gains scores. Results of the study have implications for teacher education programs concerning levels among novices and the determination of specific contexts in which that efficacy can be interpreted. Appendixes contain five tables, a copy of the questionnaire, and a scoring guide. (Contains 36 references.) (Author/JB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Preservice Teachers; University of Alabama
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Biloxi, MS, November 9, 1995).