ERIC Number: ED394848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr-3
Reference Count: N/A
Epistemology and Sociology of Science According to Lebanese Educators and Students.
Science educators agree that learning science involves learning about the body of scientific knowledge, about how that knowledge is generated, and about how it is socially constructed. However, the emphasis in many science curricula has been on learning about the body of knowledge to the neglect of the epistemology and sociology of science. The purpose of this study was to assess the beliefs of university science professors and students and high school science teachers and students about the sociology and epistemology of science. Subjects for this study were 24 university professors, 124 high school teachers, 118 university students, and 572 high school students from universities and schools in Lebanon. Participants in the study filled out a questionnaire composed of 15 items selected from three components (science and technology, social construction of scientific knowledge, and nature of scientific knowledge) of the Views of Science-Technology-Society (VOSTS) instrument. Results suggest that most Lebanese university professors, high school teachers, university students, and high school students subscribe to a traditional view of science. The findings of this study, together with previous findings with Lebanese middle school students provide support to the notion of a culture of academic science that permeates the educational system in Lebanon. Contains 20 references and 5 figures of data. (Author/JRH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Lebanon; Nature of Science
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (St. Louis, MO, March 31-April 3, 1996).