ERIC Number: ED394684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Children Excluded from Primary School: An Effect of Quasi-Markets in Education?
Exclusion of students from primary school has attracted only minimal attention from researchers. Exclusion has become an imprecise and confusing term. Exclusion can be of 3 types: fixed term (3 days or less), indefinite, and permanent. In England, education is increasingly becoming a quasi-market in that individual competitive organizations (individual schools) have replaced monopolitic entities (Local Educational Authorities) as education providers. This development is tied to criticisms and radical reform of the English educational system in the 1970s and 1980s. A quasi-market system is apt to provide more effective use of educational resources, but it may also operate in inequitable ways. Schools are in the position of being highly selective in which students will receive or not receive their services. Thus, a quasi-market educational system runs the risk of leading to the permanent exclusion of certain populations. In addition, fixed term exclusion is highly likely as schools seek to increase efficiency through discipline. A recent empirical study of the effects of quasi-markets on school exclusion suggests that the students being excluded have complex social and educational needs. (Contains 50 references.) (JW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Education Reform Movement; England; Local Education Authorities (United Kingdom)
Note: Paper presented at the Youth 2000 International Conference (Teesside, England, United Kingdom, July 19-23, 1995).