ERIC Number: ED394626
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Girls' Drop-Out from Primary Schooling in the Middle East and North Africa: Challenges and Alternatives.
The present situation in the Middle East and North Africa Region (MENA) regarding primary school drop-out and repetition, with special reference to the situation of the girl child, is examined in this study. The in-school as well as out-of-school causes of primary school drop-out are examined, and solutions that help reduce or eliminate the problem in the region are introduced. Part I presents a brief description of the purpose, the methodology, the organization, and the limitations of the study. Part II seeks to stress the importance of studying the drop-out problem in primary education in general, followed by an assessment of its characteristics and extent in MENA countries. In Part III, underlying causes of the drop-out problem in primary school are discussed, with special references to the factors leading to girls' drop out. In the final section, culture-sensitive action recommendations are provided to help meet the drop-out challenge. Twenty four strategies are introduced in five categories: child-centered, family-centered, community-centered, education-oriented, and leadership-oriented recommendations, which include: provide preparatory training, mobile counseling units, and peer tutoring; establish houses of culture; provide continued education for drop-outs; involve the family; raise the family awareness; empower the family; introduce educated role models; mobilize influential members of the community; adapt the school to local conditions and needs; equip the teachers; make the school child friendly; delegate responsibility to the students; introduce organizational reform; provide non-formal education alternatives; gather accurate data about school drop-out; raise public awareness about drop-out; provide opportunities for continued education; provide education loans; and foster sister schools. Contains 62 references. (AA)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Change Strategies, Cultural Differences, Dropouts, Educational Attitudes, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Females, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Grade Repetition, Prevention, School Role, Sex Bias, Sex Discrimination, Socioeconomic Influences, Womens Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Children's Fund, Amman (Jordan). Middle East and North Africa Regional Office.
Identifiers: Africa (North); Middle East