ERIC Number: ED394602
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct-30
Reference Count: N/A
Using Indicators of Effectiveness To Demonstrate Accountability of Community Colleges.
Hudgins, James L.
The institutional effectiveness movement has emerged on the higher education agenda because of increased global competition, decreased funding levels, and a loss of public confidence in higher education. While the movement's emphasis on outcomes-based accountability has been integrated into state mandates, accreditation processes, and educational association agenda, colleges have been only minimally successful in integrating assessment into their organizational cultures. In addition, data is still being used to focus on the negative rather than to provide feedback and efforts to tie assessment to funding have been generally unsuccessful. To achieve institutional effectiveness, institutions of higher education must focus on the following efforts: (1) develop more partnerships and utilize the collective resources of higher education; (2) improve communications with elected officials and policy makers; (3) involve faculty as partners in this process; and (4) address academic integrity and collective responsibility step by step. Since 1986, Midlands Technical College, in South Carolina, has been committed to the process of institutional effectiveness. Efforts at the college have included the development of a planning and management model that focuses on the evaluation of mission attainment, the adoption of critical success factors, the identification of 19 indicators of effectiveness, the development of standards and benchmarks to measure progress, and the use of a "report card" to keep trustees and the community informed of progress. (TGI)
Descriptors: Accountability, Accreditation (Institutions), College Outcomes Assessment, Community Colleges, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality, Educational Trends, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Program Implementation, School Effectiveness, Self Evaluation (Groups), Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Midlands Technical College SC
Note: Paper presented at a meeting of the Texas Association of Community College Trustees and Administrators (Austin, TX, October 30, 1995).