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ERIC Number: ED394512
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Selective Set Effects Produced by Television Adjunct in Learning from Text.
Yi, Julie C.
This study used television segments to investigate the impact of multimedia in establishing context for text learning. Adult participants (n=128) were shown a video either before or after reading a story. The video shown before reading was intended to create a "set" for either a burglar or buyer perspective contained in the story. The video shown after reading was included to separate context effect due to acquisition from recall. The number of target items recalled with and without the "set" was compared for each perspective. The results indicated an interaction between set and recall level, so that the context effect was found in the video-to-text condition for the low-recall subgroup. The high-recall subgroup were also affected by video set but were also found to recall greater number of both with Set and with No-Set target items. These results were interpreted within the framework of context or set effect, where the video subtly cued the reader to selectively read and comprehend written material. The study proposes a theoretical rationale for, and demonstrates an efficient means of, using multimedia to focus learners' attention to specific elements contained in a general text. (Contains 34 references and 4 tables.) (Author/BEW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Impact Evaluation; Text Learning; Video Viewing; Visual Cues
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, April 8-12, 1996).