ERIC Number: ED394380
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-May-6
Reference Count: N/A
Beyond Business as Usual: A Framework and Options for Improving Quality and Containing Costs in California Higher Education.
Knutsen, Kirk L.
This monograph summarizes the current thinking in the national literature on the subject of cost-containment and productivity in higher education and applies findings to higher education in California. It presents a framework for characterizing the major factors driving higher education costs, outlines potentially promising areas in identifying cost-containment and resource reallocation strategies, and provides examples of several institutions that are improving institutional performance while significantly reducing costs. After a brief introductory section, the second and third sections outline the history and evolution of California's public higher education system and the major current budgetary and demographic challenges. Section 4 presents an introduction to higher education finance in California. Section 5 looks at trends in higher education costs both nationally and in California and addresses the state role in encouraging cost-containment. Section 6 presents a framework to explain the causes of cost escalation and identifies four drivers of cost escalation: (1) the cost disease, (2) the growth force, (3) the administrative lattice, and (4) the academic ratchet. Institutional mission drift is also noted. Section 7 then considers options for improving quality and containing costs including broad-based options and specific options for countering the cost disease, the administrative lattice, and the academic ratchet. Section 8 offers a framework for institutional change based on principles of total quality management and offers a case study of its application at the University of Michigan. (Contains 85 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Change Strategies, Cost Containment, Cost Effectiveness, Demography, Educational Finance, Educational History, Educational Policy, Educational Quality, Higher Education, Institutional Mission, Long Range Planning, Models, Policy Analysis, Productivity, Program Improvement, Total Quality Management, Trend Analysis
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Library, Sacramento. California Research Bureau.
Identifiers: California; University of Michigan