ERIC Number: ED394345
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar-30
Reference Count: N/A
ESL or ESD? Teaching English to Caribbean English Speakers.
Nero, Shondel J.
The language of English-speaking Caribbean immigrant students in the United States is examined, and it is argued that conventional English-as-a-Second-Language classes and curricula do not address the linguistic needs of these students. Background information on the evolution and sociocultural patterns of English-based vernaculars, or Creoles, of the Caribbean population is offered, and the controversy over their status as dialects or languages is discussed, drawing on the relevant research literature. Literature on the teaching of English to English-based Creole speakers is also examined, and a three-dimensional approach is suggested: (1) immersion in standard English in classes with native English-speakers, to acknowledge and foster growth of already-developed receptive skills; (2) teacher training in the real grammatical differences between standard English and Creole, perhaps using ESL approaches of contrastive and error analysis; and (3) teacher training to explain underlying differences in meaning where superficial similarities in lexicon, syntax, and discourse features exist between standard English and Creole. Some of these basic differences are outlined here. Contains 18 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Caribbean Islanders
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (30th, Chicago, IL, March 1996).