ERIC Number: ED394332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Summarizaton Skills and TOEFL Scores.
Ward, Annita Marie; Xu, Libin
Literature relating summarization skills to reading improvement and to test score gains is reviewed, and two new studies are reported. One study compared gain on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) of two groups of students, one (n=7 students) receiving instruction in summarizing skills and the other (n=14) receiving TOEFL preparation from commercially prepared TOEFL materials. Results show the groups instructed in summarizing gained an average of 7 points, and the other group gained 13 points, on average, a statistically insignificant difference. The second study compared TOEFL score gains of two additional groups of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students who had been in ESL classes in the United States for 9 months. One group (n=61) reported using summarization skills in class; the other (n=25) reported never using them. Over the 9 months of ESL study, the group using summarization skills had an average TOEFL score gain of 61 points, and the other group's gain averaged 42 points. Contains 22 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Summarization; Test of English as a Foreign Language
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (28th, Baltimore, MD, March 8-12, 1994).