ERIC Number: ED394317
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Mar-25
Reference Count: N/A
Indexicality in the Construction of the Expert-Novice Relationship in Pair Work.
Ohta, Amy Snyder
A study investigated the dynamics of second language classroom dyadic interactions in which one participant assumes the expert role and one the novice role. The study was conducted in a university-level Japanese language class, in which pairs were videotaped doing role play; analysis focused on one particular pair playing the roles of a teacher and a student. Activities and language indexing levels of expertise were examined, and factors relating to the social, institutional, or historical setting that could impact the constitution of participants as expert or novice were also explored. Results of the analysis, with excerpts from their transcribed interaction, are discussed here. It is concluded that while a particular form in a particular context may be seen as indexing an expert or novice role, examination of multi-turn interaction reveals that the constitution of expert-novice in learner-learner interaction may be mutually constituted, or negotiated, by the learners. Through this negotiation of intersubjectivity, both learners have the opportunity to use the target language for a genuine purpose, learning how to link language, context, and task in conversation with another who may have a different situation definition and different goals for the interaction. (Contains 29 references.) (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Turn Taking
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Applied Linguistics (18th, Chicago, IL, March 23-26, 1996).