ERIC Number: ED394164
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-May
Reference Count: N/A
Dialectical Theory: Testing the Relationships between Tensions and Relational Satisfaction.
Allen, Mike; And Others
A study explored psychometric relationships among three dialectical tensions (connection/autonomy, openness/closedness, and novelty/predictability). A confirmatory factor analysis using 694 undergraduate students (347 romantic dyads) culled from various courses in a large midwestern metropolitan university confirmed the existence and independence of each of the dialectical poles. Each pole of the dialectical tension was positively correlated with the other pole, indicating that the conceptualization of the poles as mutually negating "opposites" received no support. The examination of the relationship with satisfaction within the romantic relationships indicated that the existence of the dialectical tensions are positively correlated. Findings may not be surprising, because as a relationship progresses the level of tension should increase. However, it is the successful negotiation of management of the dialectical tension (rather than avoidance of the tension) between conflicting desires that should provide the basis of relational satisfaction. A combination of demographic and dialectical tension measures generated strong (individual level Multiple R=.76, dyadic level Multiple R=.79) predictions of relational satisfaction. Future research should consider the process issues in relational development--both longitudinal designs and designs to test various process models need to be developed to reveal possibilities. (Contains 7 tables of data and 15 references.) (Author/NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dialectical Reasoning; Relational Communication; Research Suggestions; Romantic Relationship; Tension
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (46th, Chicago, IL, May 23-27, 1996).