ERIC Number: ED393814
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Humanistic Influences on a Constructivist Approach to Teaching and Learning.
Herman, William E.
This paper outlines the constructivist approach to teaching and learning and reviews some of the literature to establish a linkage between constructivist theories of learning and humanistic psychology. In particular, the paper recognizes the work of Carl Rogers and suggests that his contributions to the professional literature on teaching and learning might promote the advancement of constructivism. The insights provided by the linkage between the humanistic view and the constructivist view in cognitive psychology would enhance the knowledge base for the teaching and learning process. Points for consideration by those who attempt to employ the constructivist approach are: (1) this approach may be best suited to a small group setting; (2) teachers must possess superior knowledge of the subject matter and demonstrate excellent communication skills; (3) people change their perceptions and mental conceptualizations only when they are ready; (4) this approach takes considerable time, energy, and patience; (5) teachers must believe that all learners can learn, can find their own best way to learn, and will learn the things that hold meaning for them; (6) a healthy and creative student-teacher relationship is very important; and (7) the outcomes of such education will be unique. Support for such a vision of teaching can be found in the humanistic literature. (Contains 23 references.) (JB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Humanistic Psychology; Rogers (Carl)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).