ERIC Number: ED393601
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
How Parents Discipline Young Children: Cultural Comparisons and Individual Differences.
Palmerus, Kerstin; Scarr, Sandra
A study examined how Swedish parents discipline their 1- to 6-year-old children. Data were collected from 200 families, using two instruments which were both employed in previous studies: the EAS Temperament Survey and the Manageability Index. Other methods used included interviewing mothers about family demographics and a "parental modernity scale" which measured parents' traditionalism and progressiveness. Findings from the study of Swedish parents were compared to findings from earlier studies on the United States and Bermuda in terms of six categories: (1) physical punishment; (2) physical restraint; (3) reasoning, or child-centered explanations for why the child's behavior was inappropriate; (4) coercive verbal control; (5) low use of authority; and (6) behavior modification techniques. Compared to subjects in these other studies, Swedish parents were found to display low use of authority, a high level of verbal coercion, and a low level of physical punishment. (Charts comparing the findings to the results from earlier studies on parenting in the United States and Bermuda are included.) (AJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Authoritative Parenting; Authority Figures; Bermuda; Disciplinary Styles; Sweden; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (61st, Indianapolis, IN, March 30-April 2, 1995).