ERIC Number: ED393570
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Nation's Shame: Fatal Child Abuse and Neglect in the United States. A Report of the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect. Fifth Report.
United States Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, Washington, DC.
The U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect was established under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA). In its annual reports, the Board is charged with evaluating the nation's efforts to accomplish the purpose of CAPTA and to propose recommendations about ways those efforts can be improved. Noting that every day, five young children die from abuse or neglect at the hands of their parents or caregivers, this report examines existing efforts and opportunities that aid in understanding and preventing child abuse and neglect fatalities. The report also provides a close look at system-wide weaknesses and obstacles, and lack of resources and commitment by policymakers to take action that could save children's lives. The first chapter of the report explores the lack of knowledge over the scope and nature of child abuse and neglect fatalities, attempting to quantify the problem. Chapter 2 examines the need for better investigation and prosecution and for major efforts to improve and train front-line professionals. Chapter 3 discusses the encouraging emergence of Child Death Review Teams. Chapter 4 examines the need for more aggressive efforts to protect children and to facilitate community-based family services and primary prevention efforts to help families live safe and healthy lives. The report offers 26 recommendations for addressing deep-seated problems within the law enforcement, child protection, health agency, and court branches that constitute the child-protection system. These recommendations include: (1) establishing a national commitment to addressing the problem of abuse and neglect fatalities; (2) increasing the number of professionals qualified to identify and investigate such fatalities; (3) enacting legislation establishing child autopsy protocols; (4) enacting model legislation to address confidentiality; (5) including the religious community in prevention efforts; (6) adopting child safety as the goal of family programs and policy; (7) using family support funding for prevention; and (8) adopting regulatory measures to reduce environmental dangers for children. The report's five appendices include, a list of participants in the board's previous congressional hearings and workshops, a review of child fatalities research and literature, and a sample death certificate. (HTH)
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Change Strategies, Child Abuse, Child Caregivers, Child Health, Child Neglect, Child Safety, Child Welfare, Community Involvement, Death, Family Programs, Homicide, Integrated Services, Investigations, Law Enforcement, Parents, Prevention, Program Improvement, Social Problems, Social Services, State Legislation, Training, Young Children
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: United States Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Autopsies; Cause of Death; Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act; Family Preservation Services; Family Support
Note: The Executive Summary contained in this report has been separately published as a 41 page document, see PS 024 031.