ERIC Number: ED393547
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
ECERS as Research Instrument: Statistical Analyses.
This study examined the concept of quality in child day care and how this can be measured by the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS). Swedish day care centers in three communities were administered a version of the ECERS, which was translated from the original scale to accommodate conceptual differences between Sweden and the United States. Before the ECERS was used, a statistical analysis of the scale showed that some items were highly intercorrelated or had low variability, and these items were combined into one or excluded, thus reducing the 37 original items to 28. Raters demonstrated an average interrater agreement of 83 percent in a study of 40 day care centers in Goteborg, due to the intensive training in how to use the ECERS in a Swedish day care context. Results of using ECERS in the three target communities showed that, compared to other countries, the physical standard of child care in Sweden is high. On the basis of the high cost of child care, the high staff to child ratio, and the high proportions of trained personnel in Swedish day care centers, it is assumed that there also is a high and even quality. By using the ECERS as a measure for pedagogical quality in day care, however, results of studies in the three investigated communities revealed considerable variation in quality. Variation was found in the overall quality between the three communities and within the different aspects of quality in each community. (DR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Child Care Costs; Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale; Quality Indicators; Sweden
Note: Paper presented at the European Conference of the European Early Childhood Education Research Association on the Quality of Early Childhood Education (5th, Paris, France, September 7-9, 1995).