ERIC Number: ED393390
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Remedial and Developmental Programs in Ohio's Public Colleges and Universities.
Ohio State Legislative Office of Education Oversight, Columbus.
This report reviews issues surrounding higher education developmental education programs that support under-prepared college students; especially the provision of below-college-level developmental courses at public institutions of higher education in Ohio. Information was gathered from 25 state-assisted campuses. Analysis indicated that approximately 26 percent of the student sample was under-prepared for college work. Most of the students enrolled in these remedial programs were 18- to 24-years-old, female, and Caucasian (although African-Americans and Hispanic Americans were disproportionately represented in these courses) and approximately half were recent high school graduates. Among other findings were that approximately 56 percent of under-prepared students had taken a college preparatory curriculum in high school. The below-college-level program was found to improve English course performance and short-term retention, but seemed less effective in improving graduation rates. Among recommendations are: (1) that under-prepared students complete below-college-level courses at regional campuses and two-year schools before attending four-year institutions; (2) that passing of the Twelfth Grade Proficiency Test be a condition for acceptance at four-year institutions; and (3) that additional funding be given to expand special programs which reduce the need for below-college-level courses. Appendices include a description of developmental education and information on expectations for two-year and regional campuses, programs to reduce the need for below-college-level instruction, and strategies for retaining and graduating minority members. (Contains 84 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Basic Writing, College Bound Students, College Curriculum, College Freshmen, Communication Skills, Community Colleges, Developmental Studies Programs, Higher Education, Instructional Materials, Reading Skills, Remedial Instruction, Remedial Programs, State Colleges, State Universities
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Legislative Office of Education Oversight, Columbus.