ERIC Number: ED392587
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Community and Family Influences on Educational Performance in Appalachian Communities.
Broomhall, David; Johnson, Thomas G.
This paper examines the incentive structures in rural communities that encourage or discourage the accumulation of human capital. This is done by identifying the factors that influence educational performance in four school districts in rural Appalachian Virginia and Kentucky. A review of human capital theory, models, and functions generated six hypotheses concerning the relationships of youth valuation of education to parent attitudes, perceived availability of local employment opportunities, willingness to migrate, educational performance, and educational and occupational aspirations. Data were derived from student records, surveys of high school seniors and dropouts in 12 high schools, and interviews with their parents. The results suggest that the value that youths place on education is influenced by local job opportunities and, to a lesser extent, by willingness to leave the local community to find employment, parents' valuation of education, and family socioeconomic conditions. The results also show that youth valuation of education and socioeconomic background influence educational performance and educational and occupational aspirations. Implications for rural community development are discussed. Contains 25 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Aspiration, Dropouts, Educational Attitudes, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Opportunities, High School Seniors, Human Capital, Migration, Occupational Aspiration, Parent Attitudes, Rural Schools, Rural Youth, Socioeconomic Status, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Cooperative State Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.
Identifiers: Appalachia; Human Capital Theory