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ERIC Number: ED392559
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1922
Reference Count: 0
Rural Life and Education: A Study of the Rural-School Problem As a Phase of the Rural-Life Problem. Revised Edition.
Cubberley, Ellwood Patterson
Published in 1922, this book examines changes in rural life during the 19th century, and resulting problems and effects on rural schooling in the early 20th century. The book suggests that by the early 20th century, rural schools had lost their former importance to the community and were far behind compared to the progress of urban schools. The first half of the book provides background information and describes problems associated with changing rural life, while the second half focuses on the need for reorganization of rural education. Specifically, chapters in Part I cover changes in the nature of rural life from colonial times through 1890; an overview of changes in rural conditions resulting from urbanization, reorganization and commercialization of agriculture, and farm tenantry from 1890 to 1920; effects of social change on rural society, local government, and the rural church; effects of social change on rural schooling including inadequacies of rural schools, increasing needs and costs, and the burden of taxation to fund rural schools; and needed changes, including institutional reconstruction and reorganization to improve rural schools, homes, community centers, and churches. Chapters in Part II cover fundamental needs in rural education; issues involving school organization and maintenance; the need for better school buildings and teaching equipment; reorganization of rural education, focusing on consolidated school systems; development of a new curriculum that prepares rural students for urban life and work; training needs of rural teachers; issues concerning rural leadership, evaluation of the school superintendency, and efforts towards achieving a reorganized county school system; and examples of rural education, ranging from a one-room school to a county-unit school system. Contains an extensive bibliography, an index, and numerous photographs, figures, diagrams, and maps. (LP)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Consolidated Schools, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational History, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Industrialization, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Rural to Urban Migration, Rural Urban Differences, Social Change, United States History, Urbanization
Publication Type: Books; Information Analyses; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Agricultural Change
Note: Xerox copy of original book, reproduced two pages per landscape page. Photographs, maps, and figures may not reproduce adequately.