ERIC Number: ED392189
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Bilingual vs. Oral Education: A Comparison of Academic Achievement Levels in Deaf Eighth-Graders from Two Decades.
This study examined whether the level of academic achievement changed when deaf pupils in Sweden were introduced to sign communication at the preschool or kindergarten level. The study compared performance of 40 deaf students, attending a school for the deaf, on a comprehensive testing program (covering Swedish language and mathematical and numerical ability) in grade 8 with performance of deaf students on the same tests in the 1960s before early sign language was commonly encouraged. The study found significant differences in performance between the current students and their orally trained age-mates. The level of academic achievement had risen, although results from tests of general intellectual ability and spatial/perceptual ability remained the same. Current students were particularly superior in the understanding and use of written Swedish, but the difference was also evident in numerical and mathematical tests. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Bilingual Education, Congenital Impairments, Deafness, Early Experience, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Language Acquisition, Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics Achievement, Oral Communication Method, Performance Factors, Preschool Education, Reading Achievement, Sign Language, Swedish, Total Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress on Education of the Deaf (18th, Tel Aviv, Israel, July 16-20, 1995).