ERIC Number: ED391025
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Technical and Vocational Education in Indonesia--A Case Study in Quality Improvement. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific.
After its independence in 1969, Indonesia studied and analyzed its previous colonial system of technical and vocational education (TVE) and took steps to overcome the shortcomings. TVE was required to provide expansion of work opportunities and industrial development to promote national development. Until 1989, attention was given to further improve TVE and increase its quantity, although the main mission was still increasing student enrollment. As part of quality improvement, the curriculum was developed and improved, the number of teachers was increased, new buildings were constructed, and books and workshop equipment were purchased. "School integrated development" as a new strategy for quality improvement was introduced in 1989. Efforts were intended to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the school institution. This approach demanded all activities of school elements be interrelated as a system. Students, curricula/programs, teachers, facilities, and graduates were improved, developed, and renovated simultaneously in a system in which they influenced each other. Each school was encouraged to establish production units and closely link with industry through partnerships. The most recent development of the close link between TVE schools with industry was implementation of the "dual system" in which parts of the curriculum were conducted in industry in a day- or block-release system. (Appendixes include a glossary, data tables, and organizational charts.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Authoring Institution: Royal Melbourne Inst. of Tech. (Australia).
Note: For related documents, see CE 070 584-598. Product of the International Project on Technical and Vocational Education (UNEVOC).