ERIC Number: ED391022
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Reform of China's Technical and Vocational Education in the Transition from a Planned Economy System to a Socialist Market Economy System--A Case Study. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific.
Yu, Zuguang; Zeng, Zida
Since the early 1990s, China's government has followed a socialist market economy system. Accordingly, the technical and vocational education (TVE) should be restructured to meet its needs. Reform of the TVE system has four aspects. First, reform of the planning system includes a move from a central plan of enrollment to planning according to local needs, a move from government assignment of jobs to students seeking their own jobs, and a move from total government funding to mixed funding from government, fees from students, donations from enterprises, and profits from school-run enterprises. Second, reform of the administration system involves a shift from TVE schools set up by government departments to the encouragement of trades, enterprises, social organizations, and individuals to set up and run TVE schools; from assigning graduates to jobs only in their training areas to allowing them to seek jobs in other fields; and encouragement of more schools to set up school-owned enterprises. Third, readjustment of specialties and curricula by vocational schools to reflect labor needs, such as setting up or adding such specialties as tourism, hotel service, cosmetology, and information services in cities and multicultivation, repair services, construction, and restructure specialties in rural areas. Fourth, reform of the instruction process includes introduction of competency-based education, implementation of the skill-oriented certificate for workers, and qualification certification. (YLB)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Competency Based Education, Curriculum Development, Economic Development, Educational Certificates, Educational Change, Educational Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Labor Force Development, Labor Needs, Postsecondary Education, Student Certification, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Authoring Institution: Royal Melbourne Inst. of Tech. (Australia).
Note: For related documents, see CE 070 584-598. Product of the International Project on Technical and Vocational Education (UNEVOC).