ERIC Number: ED390991
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Styles and Facilitating Reflection. Researching Professional Education. Research Reports Series.
Miller, Carolyn; And Others
A study focused on how British students reflected on their experience of the nursing diploma of higher education (Dip. HE) programs and on how teachers perceived students' reflective activity and facilitated their associated learning needs. The main methods of collecting data about experiences and perceptions of learning contexts were interviewing and participant observation, supplemented by documentary evidence. Two case study centers were chosen--one on its first intake of Dip. HE students and another with 3 years' experience of Dip. HE. Findings indicated that the formal use of "reflection" was new to a number of established teachers and most students. Teachers emphasized the hope that reflection would increase understanding, develop self-awareness, enhance the ability to analyze, encourage deeper thinking, and promote independence. The settings teachers were using to facilitate reflection were chiefly group sessions, individual tutorials, clinical interactions, and learning journals. Teachers described and illustrated a sequence of four stages of reflection in helping students to link theory and practice: describing aspects of their practical experience, analyzing them, understanding how the situation could have been different, and seeing how they could behave in a future similar occurrence. Students talked about the value of support from their peer group. (Appendixes include a 17-item biblliography, and interview schedules. Contains 51 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Critical Thinking, Educational Needs, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Needs Assessment, Nursing Education, Postsecondary Education, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Teaching Methods
English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting, Publications Dept., Victory House, 170 Tottenham Court Road, London, England W1P 0HA, United Kingdom (15 British pounds).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting, London.
Identifiers: Reflective Thinking; United Kingdom