ERIC Number: ED390943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr-18
Reference Count: N/A
Conceptualizations of Intelligence and Their Implications for Education.
Woodcock, Richard W.
This paper describes five major conceptualizations of intelligence as: (1) a general ability; (2) a pair of abilities; (3) a limited set of multiple intelligences; (4) a complete set of multiple intelligences; and (5) a set of interacting cognitive and noncognitive factors that determine cognitive performance. Theories of multiple intelligence developed by J. B. Carroll (1993) and R. B. Cattell and J. L. Horn (1988, 1991, 1994) are emphasized and compared. The theory of fluid and crystallized intellectual abilities (Gf-Gc) developed by Cattell and Horn is identified as the major empirical theory of multiple intelligences available today. The combination of Gf-Gc theory with information processing theory has produced the Gf-Gc Information Processing Model. Several implications derived from a multiple intelligences viewpoint are presented for teaching and learning, clinical assessment, educational research, and test development. It is concluded that intelligence batteries of the future will be more informative and probably more complex. (Contains one table, four figures, and nine references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Conceptual Frameworks; Fluid Intelligence; General Intelligence
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).