ERIC Number: ED390905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Explanation-Based Processing in Narrative Comprehension.
Risden, Kirsten; van den Broek, Paul
A framework is proposed in which on-line activities occurring during comprehension are explicitly tied to the memory representation of a story. The framework, referred to as the "landscape" framework, is used to implement a process model that assumes that readers attempt to explain story events in terms of their causal antecedents. An attempt is then made to validate the model by comparing its predictions for on-line and off-line behavior to the behavior of human subjects. To measure the inferences occurring at each point in the text, 1,835 subjects were asked to think aloud as they read the story, and on-line predictions were compared to the ideas mentioned by the subjects. To obtain a measure of the actual representational strength of story ideas in memory, 79 subjects were asked to recall as much as possible of the story after a short delay. The correlation between the on-line predictions for the activation of story ideas and their frequency of mention during "think-aloud" and the correlation between the strength predictions for story ideas and their frequency of mention during recall were both significant, supporting the model as a psychologically valid account of processing principles. The landscape framework is a useful tool for investigating comprehension. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Explanation Based Learning
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).