ERIC Number: ED390870
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Children's Knowledge of Fire Safety. Stage 2. The Final Report for the New Zealand Fire Service.
Dunn, Karyn; Renwick, Margery
In 1991 the New Zealand Fire Service planned a primary school fire-safety education program for children from new entrants to form 2. The program introduces a new module to the children each year of their primary education. This study was undertaken in an attempt to measure the effectiveness of the program. A sample of 1,089 children completed questionnaires and a smaller sample of 100 pupils demonstrated their knowledge of fire-safety procedures, including stop, drop, and roll; crawl low in smoke; and phoning 111 (the emergency number). The 1995 results were compared with those gathered in 1992, prior to the introduction of the Fire Service's programs. It was assumed that any improvements in children's results could be attributed in large measure to the introduction of the programs, although it was also recognized that other factors could have intervened. The results of the 1992 questionnaire indicated that standard 2 children already had a high knowledge of fire-safety procedures prior to the introduction of the new fire-safety programs. Not much improvement was recorded in the 1995 data, though significantly more children indicated they would call the Fire Service first rather than a parent when they saw a fire, and significantly fewer children in 1995 knew the most appropriate procedure if they were in a room full of smoke. In the fire safety skills demonstrations, while more children showed a mastery of skills, results showed that children either knew exactly what to do or had no idea of the appropriate response. The findings of the study indicated that although standard 2 children in 1995 have a heightened awareness of fire-safety, there is still room for improvement and need for many more schools to participate in the program. The 1995 questionnaire is included in the appendix. (ND)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Fire Fighters, Fire Protection, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Level, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Questionnaires, Safety Education, School Role
NZCER Distribution Services, P.O. Box 3237, Wellington, New Zealand.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Zealand Council for Educational Research, Wellington.
Identifiers: Fire Departments; Fire Safety Education; New Zealand
Note: For an earlier report, see ED 359 156.