ERIC Number: ED390727
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-May
Reference Count: N/A
Employment and Earnings of Performing Artists, 1970-1990. Draft Report, May 1995.
Kay, Ann O.; Butcher, Stephyn G. W.
This report looks at the performing artist labor force. Trends in employment, earnings, and geographic distribution of performing artists from 1970 to 1990, are examined. Focus is on three principal occupational groups: actors and directors; dancers; and musicians and composers. Major data sources are described. A summary of findings indicates that during the period from 1970-1990: (1) performing artists as a work force grew 50% faster than the national labor force; (2) intermittent work periods, which are characteristic of the performing arts profession, increases the likelihood that the number of this labor force is being undercounted; (3) performers' unemployment rates consistently exceed the national average and long-term unemployment and frequent cycles between employment hampers the full utilization of this work force; (4) technologies which substitute for live performances have affected employment in the performing arts industry; (5) performers as a group increased their income levels, but gains are not equally shared and earning levels depend on the type of work performers do; and (6) performing artists tend to cluster in the West and Northwest of the United States, areas which also have the highest rate of unemployment for performing artists. An increase in the work force in the South is a significant trend. Recommendations are given for improved data collection. An appendix includes discussions about general economic and technical issues, an annotated bibliography, and data tables produced from the data sources. (NP)
Descriptors: Acting, Dance, Demography, Economic Factors, Employment, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Employment Statistics, Human Geography, Income, Labor Market, Labor Turnover, Musical Composition, Musicians, Social Science Research, Theater Arts, Trend Analysis, Unemployment
National Endowment for the Arts, Research Division, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20506.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC. Research Div.
Authoring Institution: Ruttenberg, Kilgallon, & Associates, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Directing (Theater)