ERIC Number: ED390614
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Special Needs Students on Teachers in the Rural Areas of British Columbia.
Bandy, Helen E.; Boyer, Wanda A. R.
A survey of 121 rural teachers in British Columbia examined their knowledge about and attitudes toward the inclusion of special needs students. In addition, the study examined rural teachers' knowledge of and ability to access resources in the school district and their individual schools. The survey questionnaire consisted of 114 questions related to present employment and personal data, teachers' definitions of students with special needs, the adequacy of preservice and inservice training as preparation for inclusion, available support services, identification and assessment, effective teaching strategies, and planning and adjustment. The majority of respondents perceived that their inservice and preservice education did not adequately prepare them for the realities of inclusion. In addition, teachers cited a high percentage of children with special needs in their classrooms, a wide range of disabilities among special need students, a grave concern regarding the lack of support services, and a perceived inability to provide optimal educational programs. Repeatedly the teachers reported the implementation of various individualized learning experiences. Recommendations for improving the process of inclusion include ensuring adequate administrative and personnel support; providing inservice education to furnish teachers with resources and materials to use with special needs students; giving rural teachers opportunities for team planning and team teaching; sharing of teaching and learning strategies across grade levels; promoting community support; and promoting a networking system among rural communities. Contains 23 references and 11 data tables. (Author/LP)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Needs, Educational Resources, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Inclusive Schools, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Small Schools, Special Education, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Education, Teaching Experience
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: British Columbia; Teacher Surveys
Note: In: Issues Affecting Rural Communities. Proceedings of an International Conference Held by the Rural Education Research and Development Centre (Townsville, Queensland, Australia, July 10-15, 1994); see RC 020 376.