ERIC Number: ED390603
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Training for Rural Teachers and Professionals.
Boylan, Colin; Bandy, Helen
This paper examines seven variables or issues regarded as central to improving the recruitment, training, and retention of rural teachers, doctors, and other professionals, as well as efforts to overcome related problems in rural Australia and Canada. First, selection practices should identify professionals from rural backgrounds and those with personal characteristics or educational experiences that would predispose them to remain in rural areas. Second, this emphasis on background and experience is especially important in personnel selection for Aboriginal or other culturally distinct communities. Third, willingness to stay is influenced by the professional's integration into the community and involvement in community educational and cultural programs. Fourth, paraprofessionals can relieve work burdens and feelings of isolation for rural professionals, but often must perform tasks that exceed their training and expertise. Fifth, in Canada and Australia, federal and state governments offer special training programs for rural teachers and physicians and incentives for employment in remote areas, but improvement is needed in articulation between federal and state programs. Sixth, induction and mentorship programs can help beginning rural professionals to overcome feelings of isolation, acquire a sense of community security, and develop professional competence. Finally, successful preservice programs offer a specific rural focus in coursework and provide ample opportunity for rural experiences. Another strategy involves provision of preservice or inservice education at rural sites, often through distance education technology. Each section includes focal questions for consideration or discussion. Contains 19 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Mentors, Personnel Management, Professional Continuing Education, Professional Development, Professional Education, Professional Personnel, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Teacher Education, Teacher Recruitment
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia; Canada
Note: In: Issues Affecting Rural Communities. Proceedings of an International Conference Held by the Rural Education Research and Development Centre (Townsville, Queensland, Australia, July 10-15, 1994); see RC 020 376.