ERIC Number: ED390574
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Principles and Models of Early Childhood Development in Thai Cultural Ways: Selected Research Findings Relating to Social Context and Child's Transition from Home to School.
Khemmani, Tisana; And Others
To develop innovative, developmentally appropriate models of child rearing in Thailand, several studies examined Thai child-rearing practices, principles which should be used in early child rearing, and models and strategies which could be used in child rearing in this cultural setting. Six different studies were conducted, using a variety of methods, including documentation, surveys, ethnography, and continuing education. These studies indicated the following patterns of child rearing: (1) freedom with some restrictions; (2) control with some negligence; (3) implicit acceptance; (4) parental modeling; (5) natural learning through interaction and participation; (6) inconsistent parenting behavior which is dependent on mood; (7) verbal behavior without explanation of reasons; and (8) shared responsibility in child rearing. These patterns were found to be inconsistent between home and school. Patterns which were consistent between home and school were: (1) authoritative practices; and (2) response to children's needs according to their maturity, age, and gender. Results also indicated the importance of dialect and local culture on the intellectual and socio-emotional development of children, parents, and child care workers, and their effect on "culturally appropriate" education programs that facilitate the transition from home to school. Two models were then developed--the Family Based Model and the Early Childhood Education Model, both of which proved only marginally successful. Derived from the Family Based model, a Family Life Education curriculum was developed for use in an educational satellite program intended to reach rural populations. (An appendix contains a synopsis of Thailand.) (JW)
Descriptors: Child Development, Child Rearing, Children, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Influences, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Foreign Countries, Modeling (Psychology), Models, Multicultural Education, Parent Education, Parent Role, Parent School Relationship, Parenting Skills, Parenting Styles, Program Development
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).