ERIC Number: ED390334
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Professional Bodies in Higher Education Quality Monitoring.
Harvey, Lee; Mason, Selena
In the context of the debate about quality and its assurance and assessment in higher education, a study was undertaken of professional regulatory bodies (PRBs), and their involvement in British higher education. The study involved a survey of 92 professional and regulatory bodies, in-depth interviews with group representatives, discussions at a seminar, and a review of the literature. The research revealed that: (1) PRBs are varied in organization, scope, power and involvement in their field, which is reflected in a wide range of types of involvement in higher education; (2) the professional-client relationship is one of a power imbalance brought about by the professional's knowledge and ability and the client's needs (although professional values supposedly proscribe the exploitation of this relationship); (3) the professional body is entrusted with ensuring the public interest in the absence of any effective checks on the activities of the professional through the operation of the market; and (4) although professional bodies vary enormously in their requirements, there is a broad tendency among many professions for a distinction between initial education and professional training. The study also led to a series of recommendations such as that professional bodies should define the specific competencies and underpinning knowledge required of their practitioners and the trend toward indirect monitoring of standards should be encouraged. Appendixes contain additional tables of data, information on methodology, and a model of external quality monitoring. (Contains 75 references.) (JB)
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Institutional Role, Professional Associations, Standards, Universities
QHE, Centre for Research into Quality, University of Central England in Birmingham, Perry Barr, Birmingham, B42 2SU England, United Kingdom (15 British pounds).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Central England, Birmingham. Centre for Research into Quality.
Identifiers: Professionalism; Quality Assurance; Regulatory Agencies; United Kingdom